Why China has become the world leader in renewable energy

Why China has become the world leader in renewable energy

China is the world’s largest emitter of greenhouse gases, using fossil fuels to drive rapid industrialisation. So why is it now investing billions of dollars in green technology?

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China is the world’s largest emitter of greenhouse gases. Its water, air and soil are heavily polluted. How did China become the world leader in clean energy?

China’s rapid industrialisation has lifted millions out of poverty but has come at an environmental cost. Its growth relies on coal, the dirtiest fossil fuel. This contributes to high levels of air pollution in cities such as Beijing.

China’s leadership sees pollution as a threat to social stability. Citizens have protested about pollution and poor air quality. The government is also concerned about the impact on health. It has launched programmes to clean up its environment and improve air quality.

The leadership recognises the dangers posed by climate change and sees the economic opportunities in developing renewable energy.

In 2015, China increased its solar capacity by 74%, making it the world’s largest producer of solar power. In 2015 China invested 1bn in clean power. It plans to increase this to 1bn by 2020.

China is reluctant to give up coal but it is well aware of the costs. As America steps back from tackling climate change there are hopes that China will fill the gap.

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Renewable Energy in India - Targets 2022

Dr. Manishika Jain in this lectures explains the renewable energy in India and targets for 2022.
India – 11th Largest Economy & 4th Largest in Purchasing Power
Power Scenario in India Installed – 263.66 GW & Renewable Energy – 34.35 GW
Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources
Ministry has launched one of world’s largest and most ambitious programs on renewable energy
3,700 MW are powered by renewable energy sources
Rural Electrification by 2012 for 1 lakh villages
Energy Sources – India
57% by Coal – Mainly Central & NE India
1/3rd from renewable energy – mainly hydropower
Next to HEP is Natural Gas
HEP
Energy from water
Major Rainfall Areas: Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram & west coast between Mumbai and Mahe
Small HEP: Upto 25 MW – Identified Potential Sites 4096
Renovation and modernization
Development and up-gradation of water mills
Industry based research and development
Largest Hydroelectricity Producer Countries
China: 652.846 TWh
Canada: 369.539 TWh
Brazil: 363.304 TWh
USA: 250.916 TWh
Russia: 167.271 TWh
Countries with Highest Electricity generation from HEP
China: 1,066.1 TWh/year
Brazil: 411.2 TWh/year
Canada: 376.7 TWh/year
USA: 251.2 TWh/year
Solar Energy
B/w Tropic of Cancer & Equator, average annual temperature that ranges from 25°C – 27.5 °C
Photovoltaic Cells – Low Energy Factor, No Moving Parts
Mirrors or parabolic dishes – concentrate lights
Installed capacity: 3744 MW as of 2015
Capacity: Gujarat GT Rajasthan GT MP

Installed Solar Power Capacity Countries
Germany: 35.736 GW
China: 18.528 GW
Italy: 17.861 GW
Japan: 13.947 GW
USA: 12.035 GW
Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission
Launched on 2010
Target to deploy 20,000 MW of grid connected solar power by 2022
Ecological Sustainable Growth
To achieve 15 million sq. meters solar thermal collector area by 2017 & 20 million by 2022.
To deploy 20 million solar lighting systems for rural areas by 2022
Applications
Concentrated Solar Power
Uses only Direct Normal Radiation fraction of solar radiation & solar heat for steam generation and finally electricity production.
Started by JNNSM
Solar Water Heaters
Domestic Use

17 Solar Parks Approved – 12,759 MW
Wind Energy
India next to Germany – Fastest growing market
Wind Power Potential – AP GT Gujarat GT Karnataka GT Kerala
Current Installed capacity of 22645 MW
Installed Capacity – Tamil Nadu GT Maharashtra GT Gujarat GT Rajasthan
Largest Wind Power Producing Countries
China: 114,364 MW
USA: 65,628 MW
Germany: 39,963 MW
Spain: 22,538 MW
India: 22,562 MW
UK: 12,597 MW
Biomass Energy
Top Nations: Brazil, USA Low Cost & Indigenous Supply
Includes solid biomass, biogas, liquid biofuels and municipal waste
Methods: Combustion, Gasification, Fermentation & Anaerobic digestion
Potential Biomass Production: AP GT Bihar GT Gujarat GT Karnataka

Biomass Energy Sources
Tidal Power
Tidal energy can be harnessed in two ways: tidal stream generators & barrage generation
South Korea, China, United Kingdom
Sihwa Lake Tidal Power Plant in 2011: 254 MW capacity is the largest tidal power installation in the world

Wave Power
Top Nations: South Korea, Australia
South Korea tops due to its exposed peninsula
It is sporadic

Geothermal Energy
Till Now only 6.5% geothermal energy is tapped
Countries generating more than 15% electricity from geothermal sources: El Salvador, Kenya, Philippines, Iceland & Costa Rica.
Targets 2022
Generate 175 GW by 2022 – 18.9% of entire power consumption
100 GW from solar power – 40 GW from rooftop solar panels
60 GW from wind
10 GW from biomass
5 GW from small hydro power
India – to Achieve 147 GW by 2020
0 billion needed in next 7 years until 2022 at an average of billion per year
Goal is four times of India’s annual defense spending & over 10 times India’s annual spending on health and education.
Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency
Income tax breaks
Accelerated depreciation
Custom duty/duty free import concessions
Capital/Interest subsidy
Incentives for Detailed Project Reports DPR and feasibility reports
100% income tax exemption for any continuous block of power for 10 years in the first 15 years of operations
Accelerated 100% depreciation on specified renewable energy-based devices
Accelerated depreciation of 80 percent in the first year of operations
Interest rate subsidies to promote commercialization of new technology

For NET Paper 1 material refer – http://www.examrace.com/CBSE-UGC-NET/CBSE-UGC-NET-FlexiPrep-Program/Postal-Courses/Examrace-CBSE-UGC-NET-Paper-I-Series.htm

39 Responses to Why China has become the world leader in renewable energy

  1. Debopriyo Nath says:

    I am happy that China is doing good because they are not like like the U.S. who only care about economy

  2. Kadin Hernandez says:

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  3. Michael Crowder says:

    I am taking a course at the community college and use this book which is really excellent.If you are getting to Solar Energy, this [link here >>>https://t.co/wNanFvWyMg ] book is a must.

  4. samuel .w says:

    中國有很多問題, 但也有很多成就. 但如果你帶着有色眼鏡, 或帶着思想框框去看, 就看不到這一切.

  5. COMPUTER REPLY says:

    Do you want to explain why there is Osaka in this vedio which is about China?

  6. A Artisan says:

    It will be funny in 10 years time when china invests as much into renewable energy as the US invests in it's military. Then everyone can see who's creating and who's destroying.

  7. Victor de Clermont-Tonnerre says:

    All hail the Chinese !

  8. 109ejg says:

    This climate hoax is almost as good as war, eh?

  9. Prince Wood says:

    Large-scale use of wind energy and solar power is a big challenge to the grid regulation for its instability. But well developed and low-cost hydrogen fuel cell could be a solution in the future.

  10. Harsimran Brar says:

    Does anyone know what the source for the music used in the video is?

  11. Raphael Fua says:

    this looked like a populist propaganda video.

  12. licher1988 says:

    I just want to know what the music name is ?

  13. Exogenous says:

    theylied1776 600 million is still considered as "millions". The reason why air pollution is so high is because of its large population. Per capita wise, Western countries are double that of China's

  14. 336 Novi Luminis says:

    Nice job China

  15. Zq Li says:

    Green energy revolution will leading by China.

  16. Stephen Zhao says:

    什么?大清……亡了???

  17. Synerrox เ says:

    I just want to break Trumps smug face.

  18. Stephen Haigh says:

    So the number one reason China is leading on renewable energy is that it is able to tell its industries what to do and act collectively to achieve change… So they're saying that a planned economy is the reason China is leading in renewable energy? Weird to see the Economist implying that a socialist idea is the reason behind economic success.

  19. john darwin tayson says:

    i dont know if this video aims to question the china or complimenting them

  20. karthick rk says:

    nice explanation

  21. manoj buchupalli says:

    Hi mam,
    Iam doing a presentation on alternative source of energy in india. Can you please send the ppt to me which will be helpful for me as an references.
    manojece4288@gmail.com

  22. Pk Pk says:

    mam pls provide me video lectures on solar PV

  23. krishna chaitanya says:

    excellent ma'am.

  24. Pooja Patkar says:

    mam can you please give vedios,of political science paper 1&2 for ugc net Nov 2017preparation.ur subscriber

  25. enjay says:

    Indians are poor and backward. They only have 12GW of Solar power vs China that has 78 GW.

  26. #nati's voice says:

    your words were so clear it helped me out so much in my school project thank you very much maam

  27. Asif Pathan says:

    hi mam. i am student of power engineering in europe and i have one presentation on similar topic so please may i know facty and figure you have used is recent or some what old

  28. sameer padole says:

    Please provide environmental science and engineering notes.. Thanks for uploads

  29. Narendra Singh says:

    Nice presentation

  30. Chandan Kumar says:

    good morning

  31. Chandan Kumar says:

    medam hindi me v boliye englesh mera bahut kamjor h

  32. Sakshi Aggarwal says:

    Mam please suggest link for labour welfare

  33. Kishore Kumar Takri says:

    thanks for ur all video.Madam, please change some different colour background of text because it is not visible clearly.

  34. sure avinash says:

    the stats are outdated guys, please update them, India is 6th largest economy in nominal terms and 3rd largest economy in terms of PPP

  35. Vishakha Agarwal says:

    mam plz upload class on indian polity for xam

  36. skylark304 says:

    very NICE PRESENTATION ***

  37. Raj Hansh Ojha says:

    Thank you for sharing the videos , kindly use texts having different color with the background color (white)of board. It is difficult to see clearly.

  38. Ada Dehal says:

    good evening mam….can you please upload ugc sociology paper videos

  39. Haider Zaidi says:

    hi mam thnk u soo much.
    I jst wanted 2 ask is this class important 4 paper 1 (environment ?)

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